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Faced with a date for Qeiyafa that confirms the traditional high Bible chronology, the low chronology “minimalists” now desperately argue that Qeiyafa was a Philistine fort tied to the kingdom of Gath, not a border fortress of the early Judahite state. There’s been a lot of debate around the issue of Bible chronology, which more specifically relates to the era of the reigns of David and Solomon.
Is radiocarbon dating accuracy indeed more reliable to determine Bible chronology than traditional dating methods that rely on archaeological evidence that looks at strata context? The material’s period of growth might be many decades from the era in which it was used or reused, say, in building construction.
In short, radiocarbon is not the be-all and end-all of the problem.
Let’s not ignore traditional archaeological dating methods. Dating in the Ancient World Biblical Studies in the Digital Age Digital Humanities and the Ancient World Archaeological Views: New Eyeballs on Ancient Texts Archaeological Views: Pottery in the Computer Age Tags: archaeological archaeological evidence archaeological finds archaeologist archaeologists Archaeology archaeology review bib arch org Bible bible chronology bible history bible history daily Biblical biblical arch Biblical Archaeology Biblical Archaeology Review biblicalarchaeology Cyber Archaeology in the Holy Land The Future of the Past holy land iron age jerusalem judah khirbet qeiyafa king david low chronology philistine qeiyafa radiocarbon dating accuracy solomon tel aviv the holy land what is radiocarbon dating Dig into the illuminating world of the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership.
Singer-Avitz claims the material evidence of archaeological stratigraphy, including pottery finds, should not take second place. A useful tool but only one and not the only when it comes to determining Bible chronology. According to the low chronology, the transition to Iron Age IIa occurred around 920–900 B. However, the differences in data between the various schools are not dramatically far apart. In an attempt to solve this chronological problem and to achieve a more accurate date for the transition period, many scholars have resorted to carbon-14 (or radiocarbon) analysis, which can be performed on any organic substance, like wood or grain.
The results, depending on the calibration, can be quite different. Naturally, different statistical models for interpretation of the same data will produce different results. After processing the data with all these scientific tools, most archaeologists “improve” the given dates in accordance with broader archaeological and historical considerations.Based on the very same data, but employing different statistical methods, the various schools have reached quite diverse conclusions.I do not mean to reject radiocarbon methodology for archaeological dating.Based on the material finds it is possible to compare sites and regions and create a cultural-chronological horizon.In some cases today scholars are comparing radiocarbon dates, even before publishing the finds.
Therefore a complex procedure known as calibration has been developed, which converts radiocarbon test results to calendar years by relating these results to dendrochronologically dated tree-ring samples.