# Updating the qr factorization and the least squares problem

\end$$factorization of the small subproblem in order to obtain the solution of our considered problem.Numerical experiments are provided which illustrated the accuracy of the presented algorithm.biglm has an updating capability when adding observations, but my data are small enough to reside in memory (although I do have a large number of instances to update).There are ways to do this with bare hands, e.g., to update the QR factorization (see "Updating the QR Factorization and the Least Squares Problem", by Hammarling and Lucas), but I am hoping for an existing implementation.We also illustrate the implementation and accuracy of the proposed algorithm by providing some numerical experiments with particular emphasis on dense problems. It arises in important applications of science and engineering such as in beam-forming in signal processing, curve fitting, solutions of inequality constrained least squares problems, penalty function methods in nonlinear optimization, electromagnetic data processing and in the analysis of large scale structure [) can be obtained using direct elimination, the nullspace method and method of weighting.In direct elimination and nullspace methods, the LSE problem is first transformed into unconstrained linear least squares (LLS) problem and then it is solved via normal equations or ]. For some of our algorithms we present Fortran 77 LAPACK-style code and show the backward error of our updated factors is comparable to the error bounds of the QR factorization of Ã.Therefore, our main concern is to study the error analysis of the updating steps.For others, such as the effect of using the weighting factor, finding the$$\begin \bigl\Vert \bigr\Vert _&= \Vert e_ e_ \Vert _, \ \bigl\Vert e_^ \bigr\Vert _ &\leq \Vert e_ \Vert _ \Vert e_ \Vert _, \ &\leq\tilde_ \left \Vert \begin R_ \ G_ \end \right \Vert _ \tilde_ \left \Vert \begin\hat_\ \hat_ \end \right \Vert _.Updating is a process which allow us to approximate the solution of the original problem without solving it afresh.It is useful in applications such as in solving a sequence of modified related problems by adding or removing data from the original problem.   To provide access without cookies would require the site to create a new session for every page you visit, which slows the system down to an unacceptable level.